Water Management

Water is one of the most critical natural resources. It is as well the main ingredient of our products and a significant element of our production. Water scarcity became a global issue that needs to be managed consciously, otherwisewill harm communities, businesses and the life as a whole.

There is a direct link between sustainable use of water and the sustainability of our business. Therefore, minimizing our negative impacts on water and sustaining water efficient operations is of utmost priority and we fully support TCCC’s ultimate goal “replenish every drop of water we use.” Our strategies in water management are summarized below:

  • Improving the overall water-use efficiency in our plants;
  • Implementing Source Vulnerability Assessment (SVA) and Source Water Protection (SWP) studies to protect water catchment basins in the regions where our plants are located;
  • Managing wastewater and storm water discharge in our plants (achieving 100% compliance in wastewater treatment);
  • Mitigating risk for communities and for our business, by partnering with governments, NGOs and communities to assess, understand and generate effective, long-term water stress solutions, and implement source water protection plans;
  • Replenishing the water we use back to the nature by implementing locally relevant programs;
  • Researching and investing in new technologies to reduce water consumption;
  • Investigating opportunities and conducting feasibility study to supply sustainable sources.

Our water use and management related figures for 6 countries of operation are as follows:

Our Total Water Withdrawal

Our overall water withdrawal is 10,217,674m3 of water.

Volume of Water Recycled and Reused (m3)

We recycle and reuse 490,695 m3 of the water in our production processes.

Our Water Use Ratio

We consistently decrease the amount of water used for producing one liter of product: 1.55 L/L

Water Replenishment Rate (%)

We replenish the amount of water equivalent to our product volume. Global 155%, Turkey 159%, TCCS 2020 Objective 100%.

Plant Water Use and Minimization

According to a study conducted by Turkey’s State Hydraulic Works, industry accounts for 4.5% of the total amount of annual usable water in Turkey (Source: State Hydraulic Works) and CCI Turkey Operations’ total water withdrawal accounts for only 0.08% of Turkey’s industrial water usage.

Our total water withdrawal amounted to 10,217,674m³ in six countries of operation in the reporting period. Detailed data on the total water withdrawal is provided in Performance Indicators section of the report.

Another important indicator we monitor is the amount of water used for producing one liter of product: Water usage ratio (WUR). In 2018, CCI Turkey’s water usage ratio is realized as 1.55 L/L, which was formerly 1.56 L/L.

Our 2020 goal for CCI Turkey Operations is to achieve a water usage ratio of 1.48 liter of water per liter of product. Since water reduction activities started in CCI Operations in 2006, there has been a 26.2% improvement in Coca-Cola’s water efficiency on a global basis until 2018.

We continuously analyze, evaluate and spread best practices among CCI plants to reduce WUR.

During the period between 2006 and 2018; we improved our water efficiency by 10.9% in CCI Turkey Operations, 55.8% in Jordan, 26.7% in Kazakhstan, 21.9% in Azerbaijan and during 2016-2018 period 12.8% reduction was achieved in Kyrgyzstan on account of the efficiency projects put in practice in our plants.

During 2015-2018; 1% increase was observed in water efficiency in Pakistan.

Improvements between 2006 and 2018 for operations within the reporting scope are presented below.

Improvements in WURs between 2006 and 2018 (L/L)

* Pakistan and Kyrgyzstan data were included in the sustainability report in 2015 and 2016 respectively

In all CCI plants, we develop, invest and implement water saving programs every year in line with OE Culture. Some of the top water saving programs in 2018 include yield increase in boilers and production lines in Kazakhstan; reject water reutilization; improvement in water recovery and cooling systems, and reduction in backwash timing in Pakistan; installation of recycling system in Kyrgyzstan; re-use of rinser and backwash water as well as ion exchanger wash water for regeneration in Turkey; re-use of discharged water and optimization of water consumption during CIP in Azerbaijan.

In support of our commitment to water sustainability, the “Top 10 Water Saving Program” is designed to reduce water usage in production facilities and to support continuous improvement of water use ratio in manufacturing plants . All CCI plants completed the program.

Source Water Vulnerability Assessment

The water we use in our products and our production processes is drawn from local sources. As part of our water stewardship program, we conduct a local source vulnerability assessment (SVA) and develop Source Water Protection Plan (SWPP) to use water responsibly, mitigate water-related risks to our System and to the communities we serve.

SVAs allow us to assess vulnerabilities to community sources of water and help us determine potential impacts of our water usage and wastewater discharge. This assessment is conducted every five years in all CCI plants. As of December 31, 2016, all CCI plants had completed their SVA studies in all countries of operation. The second cycle of SVA studies began in 2016 and will keep on until the cycle will be completed for all CCI operations by 2020. In 2019, our goal is to conduct SVA studies in our Hilla, Karbala, Astana plants.

During any SVA study, an analysis of water basins and sub-basins around our plants is conducted, and it includes the topographical, geological, hydro-geological and hydrological assessment of the study areas as well as identification of any risks to the sustainability of water resources within these areas. SVA studies include processes such as field surveys, interviews with plant authorities or site representatives, interviews with local and national authorities as well as desktop studies. These assessments file an inventory of the social, environmental and political risks to the water sources supplying our facilities and surrounding communities. We evaluate the results of these studies with a SWPP and act on a plant-by-plant basis.

Replenish Every Drop of Water We Used

In 2018, we established a committee to maximize our potential to reduce our WUR and EUR values. This committee conducted a current state assessment and gap analysis among the plants followed by an action plan. With this methodology, CCI reviews and evaluates itsperformance every three months.

Water Map Our plants have created water map in order to follow water consumption on a daily basis.

Water Saving Projects CCI Turkey Operations plants minimize their water consumption by projects in Operational Excellence Culture.

223,546 m3 of water saving in Turkey Operations in 2018

434,527 m3 of saving in the six countries of operation in 2018

Over 1 Million m3 of saving in the six countries of operation over the last three years

Replenish Programs

TCCC began water replenishment programs in 2005, and since then have been working with communities, governments and respected third-parties to commission and support projects that address local water needs from safe water access to watershed protection and water for productive use. These programs have been developed considerate of the following objectives:

  • to improve safe access to water and sanitation;
  • to protect watersheds;
  • to provide water for productive use;
  • to educate and raise awareness about water issues, including engagement on water policy.

TCCC’s Replenishment Goal

TCCS aimed for “water neutrality” is defined as:

  1. Returning the water we use back to the communities we serve by treating all wastewater and returning it to the environment at a level of purity that supports aquatic life.
  2. Replenishing the amount of water equivalent to our product volume through locally-relevant water and sanitation projects.

TCCS globally replenished an estimated 100% of the equivalent amount of water used in their finished beverages in 2015. The water replenishment rate for Turkey has reached 159%, almost equivalent to 4,885 million liters of water in the same year. In TCCC’s global replenishment rate increased to 155%. We will continue replenishment programs in 2019 in local regions through community water projects in line with the results of source water vulnerability assessments (SVA) conducted for each of plants.

Turkey is considered a “nearly water scarce” country, with an average allowance of only 1,520 m³ of water per person, and more than 70% of the country’s fresh water is being used in agriculture. In this sense, The Life Plus Environment Program was initiated with the aim to foster a new approach to land and water management in line with adaptation to climate change and decreasing water resources.

Two projects have been conducted under the Life Plus Environment Program: Agriculture of the Future and Harran Night Irrigation. The Program has so far saved 6.7 billion liters of water on 50 million m2 of agricultural land. Some 200,000 saplings were also planted as windbreakers in the Konya basin, and the program reached 2,500 people, including farmers, NGO representatives, academicians and the local community.

Agriculture of the Future Project

Agriculture of the Future Project has two objectives. The first is to improve the water-holding capacity of soil, ensuring efficient use of land and water. The second is to increase the capacity to use “ecosystem services” in agriculture through direct seeding and windbreaks. The Project was realized in partnership with The Coca-Cola Life Plus Foundation, the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, and the Nature Conservation Centre.

The Agriculture of the Future Project aims to promote the “ecosystem services” approach in agricultural practices to conserve agricultural ecosystems and biodiversity without reducing the prosperity of the communities. The project’s ecosystem services and biodiversity monitoring activities are summarized below.

Harran Night Irrigation Project

Harran Plain is one of the agricultural production centers in Turkey. During summer months, irrigation is done at high temperatures, which increases evaporation. In order to reduce the amount of water lost by evaporation, it is important to do irrigation in the early hours of the day, in the evening or at night, rather than during the daytime. Reducing water loss will also minimize environmental problems caused by over-irrigation, such as salination, fungal diseases and pollution. With the implementation of this project, 4.5 billion liters of water were saved in Harran. In addition, farmers achieved a 15% yield increase.

Furthermore, an irrigation management scheme is developed in Geographical Information Systems (GIS) environment for an irrigation union, which is first of its kind. GIS-based water management and night irrigation is now promoted by the Regulation on Water Usage Control in Irrigation Systems and Reduction of Water Losses.

Wastewater Management

At CCI, we have high standards around wastewater discharge. “Zero wastewater generation and reclamation” defines our wastewater management approach. Not only do we comply with local laws regulating wastewater treatment and discharge in all the countries in which we operate, but we also act in accordance with TCCC standards that determine the wastewater pollutant limits for our operations. In many cases, the allowed discharge limits set by TCCC are much lower than the limits established by the local authorities. TCCC requirements for Treated Wastewater Quality are given in the Performance Indicators section. All CCI operations are regularly audited in detail in this scope, in addition to ISO 14001 Environment Management System Audits by third parties. We monitor our wastewater parameters by periodic analyses and reduce our environmental impact by treating wastewater prior to discharge. We also develop projects to reduce wastewater generated as a result of our activities. In 2018, we discharged a total of about 4.05 million m³ of wastewater in six countries of operation. Of this amount, we discharged 1,978,446 m³ to municipal sewage system, 1,253,708 m³ to organized industrial zone treatment facilities, and 814,827 m³ was discharged to surface water after treatment.

To monitor and manage the quality of the wastewater we discharge, we also measure the amount of wastewater discharged per liter of product for their compliance with the program.

Detailed information can be found in the Performance Indicators section.